Chiropractic

In this Article:
Chiropractic
Finding the Right Chiropractor

Once regarded as little better than snake oil salesmen by medical doctors, today chiropractors and their practice enjoy widespread approval among physicians and patients. Americans in the millions seek chiropractic treatment for back, low back, neck, head, and joint pain, often as complimentary care after being referred by their regular physician. Insurance companies often cover chiropractic treatment, and it can sometimes be found in hospitals as well.

In short, chiropractic has come of age.

Chiropractic: A Brief Description


A Doctor of Chiropractic medicine (DC) gives tremendous importance to the spine and many of the treatment’s applications center on the idea that a number of the body’s organ systems, such as the muscular, nervous and skeletal systems are affected when the spine isn’t functioning as it should, and such a state can reduce resistance to not just aches and pains but other illnesses too.

Consequently, spinal adjustment—returning the vertebrae of the neck and spine to normal positions with gentle manual thrusting—can bring relief to the limbs and to internal organs, as well as provide therapeutic relief from a number of health problems, such as headaches (including some types of migraines), menstrual cramps, allergies, asthma, stomach problems, spastic colon, and chronic pain emanating from the neck and lower back. Chiropractic has also been used to help patients with asthma and emphysema in an effort to relieve tension in the chest. Additionally, the therapy may be useful in allowing proper ear drainage, which may go some distance in relieving common ear infections in children, known as otitis media.

Chiropractic doctors do not prescribe drugs and do not perform surgery; in fact, like many other forms of alternative medicine their practice depends upon the body’s own ability to heal itself and it takes into consideration the whole patient—his or her lifestyle, stress factors, diet, genetics, exercise, sleep patterns, the works.

Training


In order to be licensed by a state licensing board, a chiropractor needs either two years of undergraduate education or a bachelor’s degree (depending on the state), and they must complete of a four-year chiropractic college course. On completion, they receive the degree of Doctor of Chiropractic. Many states require chiropractors to complete a certain number of hours of continuing education annually to maintain their license.

Straight or Mixer


In general, there are two types of chiropractors: Straight or Mixer. Straight chiropractors typically stick to spinal adjustment. Mixers adjust the spine but also suggest to their patients a variety of lifestyle changes—such as exercise and diet—they can make in an added effort to be in the best possible shape.

Patient expectations


On first visit to a chiropractor, a patient should expect to give an extensive medical history and undergo a physical, neurological, and orthopedic exam. This will probably include a close assessment of one’s posture, reflexes, muscle strength and joint motion. The practitioner may take X-rays in an effort to determine where any vertebral dysfunction may be, as well as to rule out disorders that would require a medical doctor, such as tumors or fractures.

Depending on the diagnosis, a chiropractor may order lab tests, offer dietary recommendations, apply ultrasound techniques, electric or heat therapies, or use braces, tapes or straps, as necessary.

Extent of Treatment Capabilities


There are a number of health issues which chiropractors are not licensed to treat. They include chronic health problems such as diabetes or hypertension, all forms of cancer, internal injuries, flesh wounds such as lacerations, and bone fractures. A reliable, licensed chiropractor should refer these and other more serious health concerns to a physician.

Chiropractors are not licensed to write patients prescription medication (only over-the-counter medication) and they are not licensed to perform procedures considered invasive, which includes not just surgery, but also injections and transfusions.

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